Rose-breasted Grosbeak Male and Female arrive during Spring Migration.

Spring Migration to the Max

The Best Time for Birding is NOW!

Are you ready for Spring Migration? THE very best time of the year! The reports are in and It is ON!!! Here are The Backyard Naturalist’s best tips and resources to help you get the most out of Spring Migration 2015.

Migrants are arriving daily! The Backyard Naturalist has been eagerly checking progress via this Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s BirdCast and our own backyard.

When, where, and how far will birds migrate? Cornell Lab of Ornithology's migration forecasts will answer these questions for the first time.

When, where, and how far will birds migrate? Cornell Lab of Ornithology‘s migration forecasts will answer these questions for the first time.

The Cornell Lab interactive map is tracking Spring Migration 2015 in real time! There are frequently updated regional statistics for each species as sitings increase and decrease.

This is a new, unprecedented level of migration data gathering and analysis that will help research and aid in wild bird conservation. And a wonderful resource for birders year round, too!

If anticipation isn’t already high enough for Spring Migration arrivals, Cornell Lab BirdCast also forecasts wild bird movements for the week ahead!

Now that you know who’s here and who’s on the way, here’s how you get started.

How to Get the Most Fun Out of Spring Birding

What to Expect

The statistics and reports indicate your favorite out-of-town guests have arrived, but you may be wondering why you’re not seeing them at your backyard feeders. Please don’t feel snubbed or disheartened if your regular feeder contents aren’t attracting crowds of Orioles, Warblers or Vireos as they arrive. It’s not you. There are reasons for this and there are other things you can do to improve your chances to see these birds.

It’s Not About the Food So Much

You won’t lure most of these migrating Spring Warblers to your regular seed or suet feeders (Gray Catbirds and Rose-breasted Grosbeaks being delightful exceptions), as they are seeking insects and berries to eat after their long journeys. Mealworms and jelly, or fruit, might tempt them, but there are no guarantees. Meanwhile, you have absolutely nothing to lose by trying, as your regular visitors will definitely appreciate the treats. (Note: Please keep feeding all your regulars! And clean your feeders, too! Remember, it’s nesting season and that takes a phenomenal amount of energy!)

Hint: Water, Water, Water, WATER

Female Baltimore Oriole visits backyard bird bath. Photo by Tom WIldoner, via flickr

Female Baltimore Oriole visiting Tom Wildoner‘s backyard bird bath.

And just one more time. Water.

We just can’t say it enough. Accessible water is always critical in any season! For a migrating bird, your backyard bird bath is the best invitation you can give.

Hey, you’d want a cool drink and a bath, too, if you’d just flown 3,000 miles!

It’s time to clean out your bird baths, fountains or trays and keep them filled with fresh water. Keep an eye on the water level, as you may get some exuberant splashers! Check every day to make sure the water remains fresh, too.

If you don’t have a water source for wild birds in your backyard, what are you waiting for? This is one of the best and most important ways we can support the well-being of our wild bird population year round. Just add water! You will be rewarded with visits from wild birds and unlimited opportunities to observe their behavior up close. (For more info, read our article about Wild Birds, Water and Winter.)

Here’s Where the Fun Really Starts

Watch and Be Ready

Make sure your binoculars and your camera are handy, right by the window. You may need to move quickly to get a good view. Can you identify your visitor? Knowing is part of the fun.

A good birding guide is indispensable and will really enhance your birding experience, so keep it handy, too!

Identifying Wild Birds by Sight

Recommended guide books:

  • National Geographic Field Guide to the Birds of Eastern North AmericaJon Dunn, Jonathan K. Alderfer and Paul Lehman  *  
    *This is our personal favorite, but another one might be the right one for you. When asked for a recommendation, we always say, “Find one that sings to you!”. The right field guide will be your best friend.
  • Sibley Field Guide to Birds of North America
  • Peterson’s Field Guide to Birds of Eastern and Central North America
  • Stokes Field Guide to WarblersDonald and Lillian Stokes
  • Sibley’s Warblers of Eastern North America (folding guide) – David Sibley
  • The Warbler Guide (Princeton Press) – Tom Stephenson and Scott Whittle
  • A Field Guide to Warblers of North America (Peterson Field Guides) – Kimball Garrett, Jon Dunn and Roger Tory Peterson
  • The Young Birder’s Guide to Birds of North America (Peterson Field Guides) – Bill Thompson III
    Excellent for junior birders.

The absolute best online resource:

Once you’ve made an ID, finding out the distance this amazing bird has just flown to get to your backyard is astonishing and humbling to consider. Investigating further, and we promise you will be glad you did, you are bound to find other amazing things to ponder, even some unexpected wonders about wild birds you see every day!

Keep in mind, you may not be able to get a visual on a wild bird you suspect is nearby. For example, even though you are looking your hardest, you will likely hear a Baltimore Oriole before you see a Baltimore Oriole. Like many others, they tend to forage up higher and in denser foliage.

We don’t recommend climbing trees to find out who’s visiting your backyard. There’s a better way to find out who’s there and what they’re up to — without disrupting their business or breaking your arm.

Listen and Locate

Bird sounds this time of year are beyond insane! As migratory birds head north, their vocalizations get more frequent and intensify as they get closer to their destinations. Birds who’ve been here the entire time are now singing with all their might to attract mates and define territories.

In fact, there’s a lot of communicating going on! If you’ve ever stopped to wonder what all the ruckus is about, identifying birds (and their behavior) by their unique calls is a challenge you’ll enjoy. (Especially enjoyable from your backyard hammock while your eyes are closed. Another great tip from your friends at The Backyard Naturalist! You’re welcome.)

Identifying Wild Birds by Sound

The Cornell Lab of Ornithology website hosts an awesome reference that will help you differentiate the varying calls of each species, with detailed information about wild bird songs—and the Cornell Lab of Ornithology Macaulay Library is the world’s largest archive of wildlife sounds.

Recommended Bird Sounds Collections on CD

  • Bird Songs: East & Central (Peterson’s Field Guide)
  • Birding by Ear (Peterson’s)
    This is THE original that everyone emulated.
  • More Birding by Ear (Peterson’s)
    Peterson ups the game with more.
  • Birds of Maryland and Delaware Field Guide (Includes Washington, DC and The Chesapeake) – This guide is most specific to our area. As fewer species are included, this may be the best choice for junior birders.

Recommended bird sound apps for your mobile device:

  • iBird PRO and Chirp! USA – The Backyard Naturalist uses these two and highly recommends either of them.
  • Apps by Peterson Guides
  • Apps by The Audubon Society

Go Wild! Hit the Hotspots

Be where the action’s happening!

Our area’s natural spaces:

Join an organized field trip, bird walk or bird count.

Share the Experience

Wild birds flying thousands of miles to get here, defending territories, nesting, brooding… Does it get any better than this??!! It’s plenty of excitement to spark the interest of a young naturalist. A children’s guide to birding and a pair of inexpensive, junior binoculars might be just the right inspiration to get a potential Birder hooked! (See more for Junior Birders here.)

Share your sitings and photos with other Maryland birders on MD Birders Facebook page. Birding novices and experts alike post questions, advice, sitings, photos and more on this dynamic and very active Facebook page.

And we love hearing from you on The Backyard Naturalist Facebook page, too! We promise we’ll never stop liking your wild bird stories and photos! And, we’re always here if you have any questions. Just stop by the store or give us a call!

Happy Spring Migration, everyone!
Debi & Mike Klein and The Backyard Naturalist Staff

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